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Painting American Civil War Figures

RUPERT MITCHELL 1/32 Scale Blog 1/72 ACW Hobby Blog Hobby Tips Painting Guides

Here's a quick guide to painting American Civil War Union & Confederate forces. My experience has mainly been with 1/72 scale and 1/32 scale plastics but there is no reason why at least some of this info should not be of use to those painting other scales or materials such as 15mm or 28mm metal.

1/32 scale painted examples are included on this blog post further down. For 1/72 scale you may also want to see a couple of my other ACW articles:

Union: Union Army in 1/72 scale

Confederates: Confederate 1/72 scale army

The paints I have used for years are water based acrylics from the Vallejo Game Color range. For the ACW the colours I use most often are in this 16 bottle set :

American Civil War Paint set Drum & Flag Vallejo Game Color

#1 Dead White, #10 Bloody Red, #20 Imperial Blue, #21 Magic Blue, #23 Electric Blue, #40 Cobra Leather,  #41 Dwarf Skin, #45 Charred Brown, #48 Sombre Gray, #49 Stonewall Gray, #50 Cold Gray, #51 Black, #54 Gunmetal, #56 Glorious Gold, #62 Earth & #63 Desert Yellow.

These 16 paint colours cover most common eventualities for both sides.

(Although the more I think about it the list of exceptions grows (!) with the likes of Berdan's Sharpshooters, artillery pieces, limbers & wagons, some Zouave units and other more exotic early war regiments. You may also need a yellow if doing cavalry.)

This link takes you to the product listing in my store if interested: Vallejo Game Color water based acrylics.

By mixing the paints you can add almost infinite varities of colour, tone and shade. Bear in mind also that even for the much more uniform look of the Union side there would have been considerable variation in clothing colour. It would have been made in numerous different factories and also changed colour as it was exposed to the elements on campaign.

So there probably is no absolutely "correct" colour for anything - just what you are happy with having done your research on the likes of Google and in books such as the Osprey range etc...

Below are some examples of 1/32 Scale ACW figures from A Call to Arms that I have painted using Vallejo paints.

Iron Brigade (Set #18)

A Call to Arms Union Infantry The Iron Bigade 1/32 scale

Union Colored Troops (Set #11)

A Call to Arms ACW Union Colored Troops 1/32 scale

Same poses, different colour trousers.

A Call to Arms ACW Union Colored Troops 1/32 scale

Union Western Theatre "Bummers". (Painting conversions of Confederate set #16)

A Call to Arms American Civil War Soldiers 1/32 scale

"Butternut" Confederates (Set #16)

A Call to Arms Confederates painted in Butternut hues 1/32 scale

"Gray" Confederates (Set #16)

A Call to Arms Confederates painted in gray 1/32 scaleJust a reminder that if 1/72 scale is more your thing then as mentioned earlier these two links showcase my 1/72 scale ACW Union and Confederate armies which like the big chaps above were all painted by me using Vallejo Game Color water based acrylics and Javis brushes.

Union: Union Army in 1/72 scale

Confederate: Confederate 1/72 scale army

Some makers such as Imex, Italeri and Revell helpfully offer painting guides on the back of their figure box sets.  I've featured some of these below. They suggest their own preferred paint ranges but it is not that difficult to transpose these to your own paint range if different.

Italeri Union Infantry Set #6012

Italeri (ex-Esci) Union Infantry Set #6177 

Italeri Union Cavalry Set #6013 

Italeri Union Artillery Set #6038

Italeri Confederate Infantry Set #6014

Italeri (ex-Esci) Confederate Infantry Set #6178

Italeri Confederate Cavalry Set #6011

Imex Union Cavalry Set #503

Imex Union & Confederate Artillery Set #601

Imex Confederate Infantry Set #506

Imex Confederate Cavalry Set #504

Revell Union Infantry

Revell Confederate Engineers

I am happy to try and help if you have any queries - contact

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